Наречия и выражения частотности действия
What do you know about sleep? Why do we sleep? Who sleep longer: animals or people? Let’s find out!
Most adults spend 30% of their lives in bed – but how much do you know about sleep? Here are SIX INTERESTING FACTS.
☞ Elephants often sleep standing up.
☛ Animals usually sleep less than humans (maybe one reason why we normally live longer).
☞ Parents of a new baby normally lose a lot of sleep. New born babies need a lot of sleep but they hardly ever sleep more than three hours at a time.
☛ Sleep is sometimes possible with your eyes open. Try it!
☞ Teenagers don’t usually sleep enough. They need about ten hours but they rarely have this.
☛ When we are in deep sleep, we always have dreams, though we rarely remember them. Scientists have never understood the real reason for dreams and they are still a mystery.
Which facts were new to you? Which you’d known before?
Do you feel tired today? Why? / Why not?
Do the quiz below about sleep. Make a note of your answers and the cases of usage of frequency adverbs (try to guess!)
Listen to a health expert talking about the quiz. Which characteristics are true for each answer?
People with mostly A answers:
1 You have regular routines.
2 You are hardly ever tired.
People with mostly B answers:
3 You wake up once or twice a night.
4 You need more sleep than other people.
People with mostly C answers:
5 You regularly work in the evening.
6 You don’t like sport.
Наречия частотности (adverbs of frequency) представляют неопределенную и примерную частотность:
Выражения времени и частотности, как правило, показывают, как часто мы что-то делаем, такие как:
- every morning/afternoon/evening/night
- every day/week/year something.
- every summer/winter/spring/fall
- all the time
- once a week
- twice a month
- three times a year
Место в предложении
Выражения частотности и времени обычно стоят в конце предложения.
They cook dinner every night.
Jay plays soccer twice a week.
Однако иногда они могут стоять и в начале предложения. В таких случаях не забывайте обособлять их запятой.
Once a week, they go out to eat.
On weekends, they stay in.
Когда в одном и том же предложении используется и выражение частотности, и времени, они обычно стоят вместе.
They cook dinner every night at 7:00.
They cook dinner at 7:00 every night.
Task 1. Make true statements about your habits or routines using the time and frequency expressions below and the simple present tense.
once a week → I go to the movies once a week.
1. once a week
2. every weekend
3. twice a week
4. on my birthday
5. once a year
6. at 7:30 in the morning
7. on Friday nights
8. in September
9. in the summer
10. all the time
11. on December 31
12. at 6:00 in the evening
Task 2. Put the adverbs in brackets the correct place in the following sentences.
- I have eggs for breakfast (USUALLY).
- It snows here in winter (RARELY)
- I´m late for work (NEVER )
- My favourite football team wins (HARDLY EVER)
- I go to bed before 11 o’clock (SOMETIMES)
- The weather in my town is good (ALWAYS)
- My friends and I have barbecues in the park. (OFTEN)
- My boss is on time. (ALWAYS)
Now insert the adverbs so that the sentences are true to you.
Task 3. Do you think you practice English enough outside of school?
Look at the list of activities for practicing English outside of class. Use frequency and time expressions to say how frequently you do each activity.
1. I watch movies with English tracks / subtitles.
2. I listen to English podcasts.
3. I read books / magazines / articles.
4. I try to speak to people in the foreign countries.
5. I surf English websites without using online translators.
6. I review my lessons after each class.
7 …… add your own………..
Correct the mistakes in the following sentences.
1. She is smile every day.
2. He every day takes a walk.
3. He wash the dishes every night.
4. He don’t cook dinner on Sundays.
5. We are study in the library on Saturdays.
6. They no work on Tuesdays.
7. English classes begin at September.
8. She need a pen to write.
9. He’s want to make a sandwich.
10. Erika plays tennis on 3:00.
1. She smiles every day.
2. He takes a walk every day .
3. He washes the dishes every night.
4. He doesn’t cook dinner on Sundays.
5. We study in the library on Saturdays.
6. They don’t work on Tuesdays.
7. English classes begin in September.
8. She needs a pen to write.
9. He wants to make a sandwich.
10. Erika plays tennis at 3:00.
Sally works as a secretary in an engineering company. How often does Sally do these things? Write sentences using: never, rarely, sometimes, often, usually and always (0% = 0 times, 100% = every time).
drive to work = 50%
wear jeans in the office = 20%
remember her boss's birthday = 100%
be late = 10%
work at the weekend = 5%
have lunch in a café = 85%
How often you do the same things at work?
How about other things below?
make phone calls = ?
talk to clients = ?
print documents = ?
make business trips = ?
prepare invoices = ?
write e-mails in English = ?
attend meetings = ?
deal with suppliers = ?
give presentations = ?
Let’s think about your routine life.
Answer the questions using the adverbs of frequency.
- Do you ever bring work home back from the office?
- Do you ever forget to lock the back door?
- Is the traffic heavy in the morning in this city?
- Do you ever have power cuts?
Ask each other questions and answer them.
- how often / you / exercise?
- how often / you / eat junk food?
- how often / go to concerts?
- you / always / sleep 8 hours a night?
- how often / you / eat red meat?
- how often / remember your dreams?
- how often / you wake up because of a bad dream?
- how often / read newspapers?
- how often / go out?
- how often / stay in and watch movies?
- how many /you drink / litres of water / a day?
- What time / you / wake up?
- What time / you / have breakfast?
- What time / you / go to work?
- What time / you / start work?
- What time / you / have lunch?
- What time / you / finish work?
- What time / you / get home in the evening?
- What time / you / have dinner?
- What time / you / go to bed?
Ask each other questions.
“What do you ……. do..?”.
- often / Saturday morning
- usually / Saturday evening
- seldom / Saturday evening
- never / Sunday morning
- always / weekends
- never / weekdays
- often / weekdays
- never / weekends
- usually / day off work
- usually / after work
- rarely / after work
- rarely / when you have free time
- always / go to bed at the same time
Let’s think about your holiday habits. You need to make a question using the part of the phrase given and add an adverb of frequency.
Example: go to the beach -> Do you go to the beach every day?
1 … take a very big suitcase.
2 … take a camera.
3 … take a guidebook on holiday.
4 … read a magazine on the aeroplane.
5 … stay in a hotel.
6 … read a lot of books.
7 … visit art galleries.
8 … visit museums.
9 … eat at a restaurant every day.
10 … sunbathe.
11 … go to bed late every night.
12 … go to a nightclub.
13 … buy presents for the family.
Предлоги с выражениями времени
I work on Saturdays. = I work Saturdays.
I work on July 4th. = I work July 4th.
Complete the text with on, in, at or – (= no preposition).
Aeros (http://aeroscraft.com/) offers airship trips 1) ……… weekdays and 2) ……… the weekends. You can travel 3) ……… any season, 4) ………the morning, afternoon or even 5) ……… night. It’s a wonderful trip.
Remember, 6) ……… this month we have a special flight across San Francisco. The trip starts 7) ……… 9.00 so you will have plenty of time to enjoy the views. For romantic travellers, it’s not too late to book a place for the trip 8) ……… Valentine’s Day. The perfect present for the person you love! This trip leaves early so we hope to see you all 9) ……… breakfast 10) ……… next February.
Andrew has forgotten his appointment book at your place and can’t come to get it that’s why he telephones you to ask about his appointments. Tell him about his plans for several few days using prepositions at, in and on.
Tue. Apr. 24
2:30 pm meeting with a director
Wed. Apr. 25
9 am doctor’s appointment.
3 pm job interview
8 pm concert
Thu. Apr. 26
8:30 piano lesson
Lunch with Nancy Morrison
Eve. baseball game
Fri. Apr. 27
Tennis with Henry after lunch
12:00 am – call Charlie to meet