Чем заменить слова «красивый» и «хороший»?

Подборка синонимов

Прилагательные – наиболее часто употребляемые слова в IELTS. Они используются для описания существительных, например: красивая женщина (a beautiful woman).

 

Чтобы получить высокий балл в  IELTS, вы должны продемонстрировать умение использовать разные слова для описания одной и той же вещи, и в этом вам помогут синонимы. 

 

Например, слова красивый (beautiful) и привлекательный (stunning)– синонимы.

 

An adjective is the most commonly-used type of word in IELTS which functions as modifier of nouns, typically by describing, delimiting, or specifying quantity, for example a beautiful woman.

To get a high score in the IELTS test, you must show that you are able to vary your language by paraphrasing and providing synonyms

A synonym is a word or expression with the same or a similar meaning as another word.  For example, the words beautiful and stunning are synonyms used to describe something having great beauty.

pink-beautiful-woman-flat

Имейте в виду, что некоторые синонимы в приведенном ниже списке не взаимозаменяемы, в зависимости от контекста. Например, handsome в основном используется для описания мужчин, в то время как pretty – для описания женщин.

Список предоставит вам синонимы для наиболее распространенных прилагательных, которые могут служить адекватной заменой в тесте IELTS.

 

Bear in mind that some synonyms in the list below cannot be used interchangeably  – there may be slight differences in meaning and connotation. For example, handsome is used to describe majorly men while pretty is used in the descriptions of women.

The list will furnish you with synonyms for the most common adjectives which can serve as an adequate substitute in the IELTS test.

Bad

detrimental – приносящий вред, убыток (часто или почти всегда)

Smoking has a detrimental effect on your health.Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with “detrimental”:

  • detrimental effect

harmful – вредный (возможно, в перспективе)

Dietary supplements contain potentially harmful ingredients.

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with ‘harmful’:

  • harmful consequence
  • harmful effect
  • harmful substance
  • harmful emission
  • harmful side effect
  • potentially harmful

Negative – отрицательный

Dumping waste exerts a negative effect on the environment

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with ‘negative’:

  • negative approach
  • negative aspect
  • negative attitude
  • negative factor
  • negative side
  • negative effect
  • negative impact
  • negative outcome
  • negative reaction
  • negative result

Brave

храбрый, отважный

It was courageous of her to challenge the managing director’s decision.

бесстрашный

He was a tough, fearless soldier.

BIG

enormous – очень большой по размеру

Archaeologists from Norway have found an enormous old Viking ship.

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with ‘enormous’:

  • enormous advantage
  • enormous benefit
  • enormous difficulty
  • enormous effort
  • enormous impact
  • enormous importance
  • enormous influence
  • enormous potential
  • enormous pressure
  • enormous problem
  • enormous profit
  • enormous significance
  • enormous amount
  • enormous change
  • enormous damage
  • enormous difference
  • enormous diversity
  • enormous gap
  • enormous loss
  • enormous number
  • enormous proportion
  • enormous quantity
  • enormous range
  • enormous scope
  • enormous variety
  • enormous growth
  • enormous increase
  • enormous success
  • enormous popularity

громадный, огромный по размеру

There’re three huge money mistakes to avoid at all costs.

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with ‘huge’:

  • huge amount
  • huge area
  • huge chunk
  • huge cost
  • huge crowd
  • huge difference
  • huge distance
  • huge gap
  • huge expansion
  • huge audience
  • huge market
  • huge loss
  • huge number
  • huge profit
  • huge investment
  • huge problem
  • huge resource

широкий, протяженный; огромный по количеству

The vast majority of American parents vaccinate their kids.

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with “vast”:

  • vast amount
  • vast expanse
  • vast majority
  • vast quantity
  • vast variety
  • vast expansion
  • vast number
  • vast difference
  • vast distance
  • vast experience

 

Высокий, длинный в высоту

The tall building is the most dominating symbol of the cities

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with “tall”:

  • tall man
  • tall figure
  • tall tower
  • tall building
  • tall hat

Просторный

New Volvo V60 is stylish, spacious and safe

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

 

 Popular collocations with “spacious”:

  • spacious room
  • spacious house

 

Large – большой

 

A large tree is blocking Greenwell Street in Baton Rouge early Wednesday morning.
Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing
 Popular collocations with “large”:
  • large amount
  • large area
  • large capacity
  • large degree
  • large extent
  • large gap
  • large quantity
  • large scale
  • large size
  • large space
  • large business
  • large category
  • large collection
  • large congregation
  • large crowd
  • large group
  • large variety
  • large fortune
  • large part
  • large percentage
  • large proportion
  • large share
  • large audience
  • large establishment
  • large store
  • large investment
  • large network
  • large city
  • large reduction
  • large producer
  • large exhibition
  • large vocabulary
  • large market
  • large debt
  • large deficit
  • large budget
  • large concentration
  • large difference
  • large distance
  • large exporter / importer
  • large minority
  • large object
  • large profit / surplus
  • considerably / exceptionally large
  • extremely / sufficiently large
  • significantly large
  • comparatively large
  • fairly / quite / rather large
  • relatively large
  • slightly large

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Amazing

потрясающий, баснословный, фантастический

Throughout the Middle Ages, Europeans imagined lands of fabulous riches somewhere to the east. 

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with “fabulous”:

  • fabulous view
  • absolutely fabulous

невероятный

Pixel 3 Review Roundup: Incredible Camera, So-So Hardware Design

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with ‘incredible’:

  • incredible amount
  • absolutely incredible
  • almost incredible

поразительный, потрясающий

 She gave an astonishing performance in her first film.

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

Popular collocations with ‘astonishing’:

  • astonishing amount
  • astonishing deal
  • astonishing fact
  • astonishing progress
  • astonishing results

поразительный

He ate an astounding amount of food.

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

 

Popular collocations with ‘astounding’:

  • astounding memory
  • astounding amount
  • astounding transformation

ANgry

взбешенный (до сумасшествия)

That kind of behavior really gets me mad.

 

неистовый, разъяренный

 She’s furious at how slowly the investigation is proceeding.

Happy

довольный, как правило чьим-то решением

Her parents were pleased by her decision. 

 

довольный положением дел, умиротворенный (нечего больше желать)

I’ve never seen Sarah so happy and contented.

 

удовлетворенный (может быть использовано как в эмоциональном плане, так и в физическом)

 We have a host of very satisfied customers who would gladly endorse this. 

восхищенный, радостный, очарованный

Country music fans will be delighted to see that names like Loretta, Minnie, and Lucinda are making a comeback.

Радостный

I’ll be glad to answer any questions you may have.

unhappy

 Жалкий

This could be the turning point in his miserable, despicable  life.

с разбитым сердцем

 He was heartbroken at the thought of leaving the house

упавший духом, впавший в уныние

Do not let us be downhearted at the thought of higher qualifications for people who want to enter higher education.

печальный, убитый горем

She’s rail thin, with deep sorrowful eyes.

мрачный, угрюмый из-за того, что нет надежды

The cemetery is a gloomy place.

 

Печальный, подавленный, чрезвычайно мрачный

Rob had been having his own separate grapple with dismal failure.

разочарованный, с упавшим духом

I think he felt discouraged because of all the criticism he’d received.

депрессивный

Neighbors and family recalled that  she seemed depressed and paranoid in Santiago.

 

грустный

 

People were sad that he was leaving.

interesting

захватывающий, удерживающий внимание

I found the book so gripping that I couldn’t put it down. 

 

очаровывающий, увлекающий

For years these master magicians have been enthralling audiences with their astounding illusions .

Your book is absolutely enthralling!

 

занимательный, цепляющий

This movie with an engaging story will hold your interest for a couple of hours 

интригующий

One of the intriguing questions about any thematic article is what  motivated the writer?

Заставляющий думать

It is a thought-provoking and engaging play, raising many questions

захватывающий

The end of the movie was much more exciting than I’d expected.

поглощающий, увлекательный

I found the movie completely engrossing from beginning to end.

поглощающий, увлекательный

I read her last novel and found it very absorbing.

boring

неинтересный

Sometimes stories about the economy and trade can be too obscure or dull.

монотонный

Creative things should not be used with monotonous regularity

Повседневный, бытовой

    • mundane job
    • mundane task

Even such mundane tasks as eating or drinking have found a place in some ballets.

GREAT

примечательный, заслуживающий внимания

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & Writing

10 noteworthy moments from Trump’s interview  

выдающийся, отличившийся

 

Synonyms for Commonly-used Adjectives in IELTS Speaking & WritingDistinguished spinal surgeon, Henry Vernon Crock, was a gifted innovator, teacher and mentor

примечательный, выдающийся

Culture and chardonnay: exploring California’s remarkable art wineries

difficult

то, что тяжело сделать

They’ve had an exceptionally tough life.

испытываюший твою волю или способности

 

He resigned from the company in order to take a more challenging job.

заставляющий тебя нервничать или сомневаться

The country was faced with the daunting prospect of overcoming four decades of division.

требующий внимания и навыков

It’s tricky to learn to ride a skateboard, but you never forget how.

IMPORTANT

главный (о человеке), наиболее важный

The weather was our chief reason for coming here.

Popular collocations with the word ‘chief”:

  • chief administrator 
  • chief reason
  • chief source
  • chief rival 
  • chief characteristic  
  • chief concern

имеющий наибольшую важность, критичный

Creative things should not be used with It is critical that we keep the content of the letters secret.

Popular collocations with the word ‘critical”:

  •  critical role
  •  critical factor
  • critical feature  
  • critical importance
  • critical issue 
  • critical level
  • critical moment
  • critical period 
  • critical problem  
  • critical question
  • critical stage
  • critical step
  • critical value

Невероятно важный

    • mundane job
    • mundane task

Price will be a crucial factor in the success of this new product.

Popular collocations with the word ‘crucial’:

  • crucial aspect
  • crucial component 
  • crucial element
  • crucial factor 
  • crucial feature 
  • crucial ingredient 
  • crucial role 
  • crucial difference
  • crucial distinction
  • crucial importance
  • crucial moment
  • crucial decision
  • crucial evidence
  • crucial link 

необходимый

Fresh fruit and vegetables form an essential part of a healthy diet.

Popular collocations with the word ‘essential‘:

  • essential aspect
  • essential character
  • essential characteristic 
  • essential component
  • essential element
  • essential feature
  • essential function
  • essential part 
  • essential role 
  • essential condition 
  • essential need
  • essential requirement  
  • essential skill

Ключевой, имеющий большое влияние

Delegation of responsibility is a key part of a manager’s job.

Popular collocations with the word ‘key’:

  • key factor
  • key feature  
  • key part
  • key point  
  • key question
  • key role
  • key concept
  • key idea
  • key objective
  • key priority 

 

Необходимый для жизни, существования или успеха чего-либо

Knowing your blood type is vital

Popular collocations with the word ‘vital’:

  • vital element 
  • vital importance
  • vital part
  • vital clue  
  • vital information
  • vital organ

 

Tasty

имеющий приятный вкус или запах

This wine has a delicious fruity flavour. 

вызывающий аппетит

Some people, however, find only the white meat appetizing.

с очень хорошим вкусом

He described the breakfast as perfect, greasy, and scrumptious, but mentioned he could only finish half.

С приятным вкусом

Without the addition of milk or sugar, it was unsavoury and unpalatable.

New

недавний

Is that a recent photo?

текущий

Everyone had the chance to hear about and talk of current affairs.

Обновленный, идущий в ногу со временем

We always keep our records up to date. 

famous

хорошо и широко известный

 It is well known that he never gives interviews.

известный благодаря чему-либо

She was renowned for her fighting, and it was only when she became injured that she revealed that she was a woman.

известный благодаря своему навыку или качеству

Kelley was the most celebrated clown of his era.

Стоящий внимания, важный

The speakers were eminent professors of archaeology.

Известный благодаря чему-то плохому

The city is notorious for its red light district and strip clubs.

IMPORTANT

главный (о человеке), наиболее важный

The weather was our chief reason for coming here.

Popular collocations with the word ‘chief”:

  • chief administrator 
  • chief reason
  • chief source
  • chief rival 
  • chief characteristic  
  • chief concern

имеющий наибольшую важность, критичный

Creative things should not be used with It is critical that we keep the content of the letters secret.

Popular collocations with the word ‘critical”:

  •  critical role
  •  critical factor
  • critical feature  
  • critical importance
  • critical issue 
  • critical level
  • critical moment
  • critical period 
  • critical problem  
  • critical question
  • critical stage
  • critical step
  • critical value

Невероятно важный

    • mundane job
    • mundane task

Price will be a crucial factor in the success of this new product.

Popular collocations with the word ‘crucial’:

  • crucial aspect
  • crucial component 
  • crucial element
  • crucial factor 
  • crucial feature 
  • crucial ingredient 
  • crucial role 
  • crucial difference
  • crucial distinction
  • crucial importance
  • crucial moment
  • crucial decision
  • crucial evidence
  • crucial link 

необходимый

Fresh fruit and vegetables form an essential part of a healthy diet.

Popular collocations with the word ‘essential‘:

  • essential aspect
  • essential character
  • essential characteristic 
  • essential component
  • essential element
  • essential feature
  • essential function
  • essential part 
  • essential role 
  • essential condition 
  • essential need
  • essential requirement  
  • essential skill

Ключевой, имеющий большое влияние

Delegation of responsibility is a key part of a manager’s job.

Popular collocations with the word ‘key’:

  • key factor
  • key feature  
  • key part
  • key point  
  • key question
  • key role
  • key concept
  • key idea
  • key objective
  • key priority 

 

Необходимый для жизни, существования или успеха чего-либо

Knowing your blood type is vital

Popular collocations with the word ‘vital’:

  • vital element 
  • vital importance
  • vital part
  • vital clue  
  • vital information
  • vital organ

 

Check how many synonyms you will be able to recollect from those you’ve just learned.