skimming

Reading Practice – Skimming (Food)

Skimming – одна из техник чтения, которая позволяет быстро понять главные идеи отрывка. Некоторые типы вопросов в IELTS, например, matching headings, проверяют владение именно этим навыком. 

Для выполнения skimming вам нужно быстро пробежаться глазами по отрывку и выделить ключевые идеи каждой части/абзаца.

Попрактикуем?

The Growing popularity of organic food

At the supermarket these days, there is often a section or aisle that sells just organic
products. There are also many new stores opening up that specialize just in organic
fruits and vegetables. Organic food is becoming more and more popular these days
due to concerns about the safety of conventionally grown food. Organically grown produce, though, is often more expensive to buy. Consumers need to understand why
something is labeled ‘organic‘ in order to make the best choices when purchasing food
for themselves and their families.

Several factors contribute to this higher price. Though there are some small differences, government agencies across the world agree on what qualifies a product as organic: such products must be grown without chemical fertilizers or pesticides. Also, livestock, such as cows, pigs, and chickens, must not be injected with artificial growth hormones or antibiotics. These standards result in food that is generally healthier and tastier. Without harsh pesticides and chemical fertilizers, crop plants produce more antioxidants and other beneficial nutrients. The farmer, their families, and their communities also benefit from a cleaner and safer environment. Fertilizer run-off is a major environmental problem and affects places far away from farms. Their mass production also contributes to global warming. Organic production techniques encourage environmental stewardship for the Earth and long-term agricultural sustainability.

Those standards ensure a safe and nutritious supply of food from organic farms.
However, organic farming reduces crop yields per farm while increasing the labor required. As a result, organic food is generally more expensive. The price difference may be offset slightly in the future, as consumers ask for more organically grown produce and more suppliers jump into the market to fill that demand. Many people, though, are willing to pay that extra cost for organic food, given the health and  environmental benefits.

organic-food-market

Skimming Procedure

1 Read the passage and copy out all the keywords and phrases in the passage.

Note: There are 2- 5 words and phrases in each paragraph.

Paragraph 1

At the supermarket these days, there is often a section or aisle that sells just organic products. There are also many new stores opening up that specialize just in organic fruits and vegetables. Organic food is becoming more and more popular these days due to concerns about the safety of conventionally grown food. Organically grown produce, though, is often more expensive to buy. Consumers need to understand why something is labeled ‘organic’ in order to make the best choices when purchasing food for themselves and their families.

Paragraph 2

Several factors contribute to this higher price. Though there are some small differences, government agencies across the world agree on what qualifies a product as organic: such products must be grown without chemical fertilizers or pesticides. Also, livestock, such as cows, pigs, and chickens, must not be injected with artificial growth hormones or antibiotics. These standards result in food that is generally healthier and tastier. Without harsh pesticides and chemical fertilizers, crop plants produce more antioxidants and other beneficial nutrients. The farmer, their families, and their communities also benefit from a cleaner and safer environment. Fertilizer run-off is a major environmental problem and affects places far away from farms. Their mass production also contributes to global warming. Organic production techniques encourage environmental stewardship for the Earth and long-term agricultural sustainability.

Paragraph 3

Those standards ensure a safe and nutritious supply of food from organic farms.  However, organic farming reduces crop yields per farm while increasing the labor required. As a result, organic food is generally more expensive. The price difference may be offset slightly in the future, as consumers ask for more organically grown produce and more suppliers jump into the market to fill that demand. Many people, though, are willing to pay that extra cost for organic food, given the health and environmental benefits.

organic-food

2 Try to understand the general idea of the passage by writing down the key words, phrases, and sentences you have found out in Tasks 1 and 2 in the spaces provided below. Make a summary of each paragraph using them.

Paragraph 1

1. organic products

2. Organic food is becoming more and more popular

3. concerns about the safety of conventionally grown food

4. Organically grown produce, though, is often more expensive to buy.

Summary: 

Organic food is becoming more and more popular due to the concerns about the safety of conventionally grown food, but it is often more expensive to buy.

Paragraph 2

1. Several factors contribute to this higher price.

2. such products must be grown without chemical fertilizers or pesticides

3. These standards result in food that is generally healthier and tastier.

4. The farmer, their families, and their communities also benefit from a cleaner and safer environment.

5. global warming

Summary: 

Several factors contribute to this higher price, such as that such products must be grown without chemical fertilizers or pesticides, but the farmer, their families, and their communities also benefit from a healthier and tastier food and cleaner and safer environment.

Paragraph 3

1. organic food is generally more expensive

2. Many people, though, are willing to pay that extra cost for organic food, given the health and environmental benefits.

Summary: 

Organic food is generally more expensive but many people, though, are willing to pay that extra cost for organic food, given the health and environmental benefits.

organic-food

3 Answer the following questions.

Questions 1- 5
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C, or D.
Write your answers in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

1 What is one disadvantage of organic food?

A No one knows their effect on people’s health and the environment.

B They often cost more than conventionally grown foods.

C Organic foods aren’t readily available.

D They don’t taste as good as other types of food.

 

2 Which of the following is a criterion for certification of organic food?

A It must have a minimum standard for taste and appearance.

B No artificial substances can be used in growing the food.

C Organic food must be grown in special areas.

D They must be sold at a special price in supermarkets.

 

3 What is one problem with conventional farming?

A Manufacturing fertilizer increases greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

B The surplus of food grown is too large.

C The market for crops becomes imbalanced.

D Farmers can’t get enough supplies.

 

4 What is one benefit of growing organic food?

A There is more stability in food prices.

B People are able to eat more.

C Those who grow the food are healthier.

D The food supply is predictable.

1. B

2. B

3. A

4. C

 


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