Language and Communication Vocabulary

Forms of communication

Language and Communication Vocabulary

communication through words and languages

communication through body language, gestures, postures, facial expressions etc

communication through speaking

communication through writing

communication through real–life meetings

communication through the internet (skype, yahoo etc)

communication with others to build relationship

is exchanging information in order to promote an organization’s goals, objectives, purpose, and activities, as well as increase profits within the company.

Types of spoken communication

Language and Communication Vocabulary

when two or more people discuss a specific matter. It is often a formal situation where topics are discussed, often from different points of view.

where two or more people talk informally. There may not be a specific topic to discuss or different points of view.

very similar to a discussion, although often more formal and with the aim of finding a solution to a specific problem.

a formal meeting where a person is asked questions and their answers are either evaluated or reported.

a single person speaking for a prolonged period. This is often used in acting, but can also indicate that someone has dominated the conversation and it is only them speaking.

when a speaker talks in front of an audience for a given purpose (e.g. a wedding speech).

a speech given to an audience or class, especially for teaching purposes

similar to a discussion, but often used as a formal contest of different points of view (e.g. a political debate)

Non-verbal communication

Language and Communication Vocabulary

how a person positions themselves (e.g. facing someone, looking at the floor, crossing their arms) that tells us how someone feels.

use of the hands to show words and meaning used by (and to communicate to) deaf people.

Methods of business communication

Language and Communication Vocabulary
  • Web-based communication
  • Video conferencing
  • Reports
  • Presentations
  • Telephone meetings
  • Forum boards
  • Face-to-face meetings
  • Suggestion box
  • Letters
  • Memos

Effective communication skills

Language and Communication Vocabulary

Maintaining eye-contact makes the audience feel like you are giving them full attention

A good speaker needs to know when to raise his voice to emphasize a point

A monotone voice makes the audience sleepy so every speaker needs to learn how to vary her intonation appropriately

Highlighting key points makes your speech easier to follow

Most good speakers know how to engage their listeners through asking and answering questions.

Good communicators are usually active listeners who make conscious efforts to understand what other people are trying to say

Who is a good communicator? (audio)

Language and Communication Vocabulary

Good communication is a gift you give others. Communicating effectively requires technical proficiency, but all the technical skills in the world will not help you communicate effectively if you are not interested in other people and in the world around you, and if you are not prepared to share and participate in a give-and-take. Think about how you would like people to treat you. Do you remember the person’s name? Do you greet people in a friendly manner? Do you speak to them with courtesy and respect or are you loud, abusive and critical? Is your overall demeanour pleasing? A good communicator knows that what we communicate non-verbally can be more meaningful than the words we use. Take a look at yourself in a full-length mirror and analyse what you see. Posture, facial expressions, gestures, eye contact and appearance clearly communicate our attitude to others. Are you sending a non-verbal message that supports your words? Or, do you need to stand a little straighter, fidget a little less, smile a bit more? These are simple adjustments you can make immediately.

A great communicator focuses on the person with whom he is speaking. Great communicators like former American President Bill Clinton and Henry Kissinger share a common trait. When they meet someone, they focus so completely on that person for the time they spend together, even if it is only for a few short minutes that they make the other person feel like the most important person in their universe. While your focus may not have quite the same impact as a famous personality, it will definitely enhance the effectiveness of your communication.

A good communicator knows that vocal quality is important in communicating attitude and in enhancing the effectiveness of a vocal message. Grammar and vocabulary alone will not help you if the sound of your voice puts a listener to sleep, assuming they can even hear you. No one wants to listen to someone who mumbles, drones on in a monotone, squeaks or speaks too slowly or too quickly. By working on your diction and the pitch, pacing, and modulation of your voice, you will become a much more interesting speaker. A good communicator is positive and polite. Whining, complaining, blaming and making excuses are detriments to good communication. So are criticism and insults. Work on eliminating the negatives from your conversation and watch what a positive effect that has on your ability to communicate.

A good communicator does not get caught up in his own rhetoric; he focuses on the other person. His conversation is ‘you focused” rather than ‘I focused’.’ I-strain, a indication of both arrogance and insecurity, is one of the taboos of good conversation, as are off-colour or discriminatory jokes, personal relationships and sexual proclivities, health or diets, personal tragedies, cost of anything personal, income, controversial topics (politics, religion), and asking for free advice from professionals.

A good communicator listens as much or more than he talks. Listening is one of the most effective ways to show interest in another person. Effective listening involves more than remaining silent. Nod your head in agreement, make little response noises, use prompters like “interesting” or “tell me more,” or ask pertinent questions to show you are paying attention. Open-ended questions that require more than a yes or no answer encourage the other person to talk. Look at the speaker when you listen rather than letting your eyes wander.

A good communicator participates in a give and take and contributes to the conversation. Read magazines and newspapers, especially the editorial pages, to keep abreast of what is happening in the world. At least 30 per cent of the reading you do should be outside your field of endeavour. Only being able to discuss topics relating to your work will make you a very dull person very quickly, even among your colleagues.

A good communicator develops technical proficiency. Call your local schools and colleges to see if they offer courses in English. A dictionary, a thesaurus or synonym finder, a good grammar book and language tapes are good investments for anyone wishing to develop or maintain language skills. A dictionary is also a good resource for the proper pronunciation of words.

A good communicator practises. Reading aloud quality publications will help you develop a comfort level in saying words and sentences correctly, thereby helping you learn proper grammar. Reading aloud will also help develop your ear for the language. […]

A good communicator masters the rules of etiquette and good manners since these are what grease the wheels of effective interpersonal relationships. Learn the proper way to make introductions and to greet people because that gets interactions started in a positive manner. A good communicator sparkles. Let your light shine through when you interact with others. The Roman Publius Syrius said, “Speech is a mirror of the soul. As a man speaks, so is he. Do the work necessary to make sure your communication skills reflect the image you want others to have of you.