IELTS Listening: Technology (Sentence Completion)

You are going to hear two separate recordings about the uses of plastics.

Check your understanding of the words from the box below.

Then select words that collocate with verbs 1-8 below. Two words aren’t used.

  • accidentally
  • efficiently
  • healthier
  • consumption
  • energy fresh
  • needs quietly
  • corrosion
  • functional
  • resources

 

EXAMPLE: keep ( + adjective) keep fresh

1 conserve ( + noun)

2 make ( + adjective)

3 resist ( + noun)

4 satisfy ( + noun)

5 operate ( + adverb)

6 waste ( + noun)

7 run ( + adverb)

8 cut ( + noun)


  1. conserve energy / resources
  2. make healthier
  3. resist corrosion
  4. satisfy needs
  5. operate efficiently / quietly
  6. waste energy / resources
  7. run quietly / efficiently
  8. cut consumption

 

 

  • a versatile material
  • to score over
  • last but not least
  • food retail business
  • appliance
  • moisture
  • leftovers
  • to get rid of
  • at all costs
  • a major source of
  • to become an indespansable part of everyone’s life
  • to introduce a tax
  • a drastic approach
  • on-the-spot fine
  • the days of … may be numbered

Before you listen to each recording, identify what kind of information is missing, and predict possible answers. Then listen carefully and fill in the spaces.

Questions 1-5

Complete the sentences below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

1 According to the speaker, the three factors contributing to the success of plastics today are safety, ………………………………… and …………………………………. .

2 ………………………………………………. and other food products are wrapped in plastic to protect them from contamination.

3 The use of plastics in major appliances ensures that they will ………………………………………………. corrosion.

4 Experts have calculated that a kilo of plastic packaging can lead to a reduction of ………………………………………………. in wasted food.

5 Plastic parts have made air conditioners as much as ………………………………………………. more efficient since the 1970s.

 

Questions 6-10

Complete the notes below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

A history of the plastic bag

 

1957: Introduction of 6 ……………………………………………….

1966: Around one third of packaging in
7 ………………………………………………. consists of
plastic bags

1969: ‘New York City Experiment’:
8 ………………………………………………. collected in
plastic bags

9 ……… : Plastic grocery bags first manufactured
commercially

2002: New Irish tax of 10 ……………………………………………….
per carrier bag

  1. performance (and) value
  2. meat
  3. resist
  4. 3.74 kg / kilograms / kilos
  5. 50 / fifty per cent / %
  6. (the) sandwich bag
  7. (the) bread industry
  8. garbage / trash / rubbish
  9. 1973
  10. 15 / fifteen cents

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