IELTS Reading: Sentence Completion (Theory)

IELTS Reading: Sentence Completion (Theory)

Approach

Этот тип заданий – один из тех, которые стоит начать делать перед тем, как читать текст. 

Следует придерживаться такого алгоритма действий:

  1. Прочитать вопрос
  2. Определите ключевое слово/слова в вопросе
  3. Подобрать возможные синонимы
  4. Прочитать отрывок и найти предложение, содержащее эти ключевые слова или их синонимы. За этими ключевыми словами последует правильный ответ.

These questions belong to a group of tasks that require reading the questions first.

You should stick to the following plan:

  1. Read the question first
  2. Identify a keyword or keywords in the question
  3. Think of possible synonyms
  4. Read the passage and find the sentence containing these keywords or their synonyms. These keywords will be followed by the correct answer.

example task

ПРИМЕР: 

Complete the sentence 

The length of time passengers spend shopping at airports has been affected by updated _________.

ЧТО ДЕЛАТЬ?

  1. Сначала прочитайте вопрос: в предложении говорится, что что-то ОБНОВЛЕННОЕ влияет на СУММУ ВРЕМЕНИ, проведенной в аэропорту.
  2. Найдите и подчеркните ключевое слово/слова в вопросе.

The length of time passengers spend shopping at airports has been affected by updated _________


3. Подумайте о возможных синонимах

  • updated = new
  • to have an impact = to affect
  • length of time = dwell time

4. Прочтите отрывок и найдите предложение, содержащее эти ключевые слова или их синонимы. За этими ключевыми словами последует правильный ответ.

Отрывок для чтения:
In recent times developing commercial revenues has become more challenging for airports due to a combination of factors, such as increased competition from Internet shopping, restrictions on certain sales, such as tobacco, and new security procedures that have had an impact on the dwell time of passengers.


Итак, ответ – SECURITY PROCEDURES

EXAMPLE: Complete the sentence 

The length of time passengers spend shopping at airports has been affected by updated _________.

 

WHAT TO DO?

  1. Read the question first: the sentence states that something UPDATED has an impact on the AMOUNT OF TIME spent in the airport.
  2. Identify and underline a keyword or keywords in the question:

The length of time passengers spend shopping at airports has been affected by updated _________

3. Think of possible synonyms

  • updated = new
  • to have an impact = to affect
  • length of time = dwell time

4. Read the passage and find the sentence containing these keywords or their synonyms. These keywords will be followed by the correct answer.

 

Reading passage:

In recent times developing commercial revenues has become more challenging for airports due to a combination of factors, such as increased competition from Internet shopping, restrictions on certain sales, such as tobacco, and new security procedures that have had an impact on the dwell time of passengers.

 

So, the answer is SECURITY PROCEDURES

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