Past Perfect





Read the article again and answer the questions below:
1 How did Kara Hurring become a millionaire?
2 How much money did her partner request from the bank?
3 How much did the bank give him?
4 What did Kara do with the money before the bank discovered its mistake?
5 How long was she on the run for?
6 What did she tell the court about where she thought the money came from?
7 According to the prosecution, what did she do when she found out about the bank’s mistake?

the accidental millionnaire

It was the banking error that was too good to be true, but that did not stop a New Zealand woman from enjoying the money that was accidentally deposited in her partner’s bank account.

Kara Hurring, 33, became an “accidental millionaire” after her partner Hui Gao, who ran a service station, requested an overdraft of ¿50,000 ($77,000) from Westpac bank. Instead, the bank gave him nearly 5 million ($8 million) by mistake.
After several days, the bank realised its error. By then, Hurring had gone on a shopping spree and more than half the money had been transferred to other accounts. Police claimed she then flew to Hong Kong with her daughter and went gambling in Macao.

Hurring was yesterday found guilty of theft and money laundering by a jury at the Rotorua District Court. The mother of two was on the run for two years before returning to New Zealand in February. She told the court that she did not know where the money had come from until she watched the news while in China.
Until then, she was under the impression that her partner had won the lottery.

In a video interview with police played to the court, Hurring said Mr Gao checked his laptop one night in April 2009 and began “yahooing and yelling as if he was on another planet”. Since then, he had been very secretive. She also claimed that Mr Gao had told customers at the service station where he worked that he had won the lottery.

But the prosecution claimed that Hurring had told her mother about the bank’s mistake and then she went on a huge shopping spree. The prosecution said the woman had used her partner’s bank card to make purchases and withdraw money from cash machines in New Zealand. She had also opened an account at a Macao casino where she deposited ¿164,000. 6 Hurring is forbidden to leave the country. She will be sentenced on 24 August. Outside the court she admitted she was relieved that the case was over. “I can’t wait to see my kids,” she said. But her lawyer,
Simon Lance, denied that she was a `runaway millionaire’. “Not one cent of Westpac money went into her bank account,” he said.

After the bank discovered its error, about half the money was returned from other New Zealand accounts.

upper-intermediate & advanced




Complete using the correct past perfect simple form of the verbs in brackets.
1 By the time I arrived, everyone ………………………………………… (leave)!
2 Steve ………………………………………… (already / see) the film, so he didn’t come with us to the cinema.
3 Tina ………………………………………… (not/ finish) doing the housework by seven o’clock, so she called
Andrea to tell her she would be late.
4 ………………………………………… (you / just / speak) to Billy when I rang?
5 The car broke down just after ………………………………………… (we/ set off).
6 I didn’t eat anything at the party because ………………………………………… (I / already / eat) at home.
7 ………………………………………… (you / hear) about the accident before you saw it on TV?


Think of the reasons why this could happen. Use Past Perfect.

Example: Why were you tired yesterday? – Because I had gone to a party the night before.
Why were you late for work yesterday? – Because ……..
Why weren’t you hungry at lunch?
Why couldn’t your friend come to the party?

Why did you come from holidays with a broken arm?

Why did you arrive home completely wet on a sunny day?

Why did you throw your food at a waiterat a restaurant?

You were driving on thw wrong side of the road?


Mixed imitation

Choose the sentence (A or B) which means the same as the first sentence.

We’d had dinner when Wendy arrived.
A Wendy arrived and then we had dinner.

B We had dinner and then Wendy arrived.

I read the book after I’d seen the film.
A I saw the film and then I read the book.

B I read the book and then I saw the film.

By the time Dad came home, I’d gone to bed.
A I went to bed before Dad came home.

B I went to bed after Dad came home.

She didn’t go to bed until her mum had come home.
A She went to bed and then her mum came home.
B Her mum came home and then she went to bed.


Mr Banks hadn’t arrived at the office by the time I got there.
A I arrived before Mr Banks.

B Mr Banks arrived before me.

They’d bought the plane tickets before they heard about the cheaper flight.
A They bought the plane tickets and later they heard about the cheaper flight.
B They heard about the cheaper flight and then they bought the plane tickets.


The girls had tidied the house when the visitors arrived.
A The visitors arrived and later the girls tidied the house.
B The girls tidied the house and then the visitors arrived.

Join the beginnings and ends to make sensible sentences.


  1. After he had tried on six pairs of shoes
  2. After Mary had done all the shopping
  3. When I had washed and dried the last plate
  4. When Mark had looked through all the drawers in his room
  5. When he had finished eating lunch


A) he decided he liked the first ones best.

B) he started going through the
cupboards downstairs.

C) she took a short walk round the park.

D) he went to the cafe in the square for a  cup of coffee.

E) Paul came in and offered to help.

Mixed insertion

Mixed transformation

Choose the correct tense (simple past or past perfect).

When I (1 go) to Paris last spring for a job interview. I (2 not be) there for five years. I (3 arrive) the evening before the interview, and (4 spend) a happy hour walking round thinking about the good times I (5 have) there as a student.

As I was strolling by the Seine, I suddenly (6 see) a familiar face – it was Nedjma. the woman I (7 share) a flat with when I was a student. and whose address I (8 lose) after leaving Paris. I could teU she (9 not see) me, so I (10 call) her name and she (11 look) up. As she (12 turn) towards me, I (13 realise) that she (14 have) an ugly scar on the side of her face. She (15 see) the shock in my eyes, and her hand (16 go) up to touch the scar; she ( 17 explain) that she (18 get) it when she was a journalist reporting on a war in Africa.

She (I9 not be) uncomfortable telling me this; we (20 feel) as if the years (21 not pass), as if we (22 say) goodbye the week before. She (23 arrive) in Paris that morrning, and she (24 have) a hospital appointment the next day.

The doctors (25 think) that they could remove the scar, but she would have to stay in Paris for several months. Both of us (26 have) the idea at the same time: if l (27 get) the job. we could share a flat again. And we could start by having a coffee while we (28 begin) to teU one another everything that (29 happen) to us in the past five years.

Complete the text with the past s!imple, past continuous or past perfect sirnple form of the verbs in brackets.

Mozart was born in 1756, the son of a professional musician. His father soon ________________(give up) composing when he recognized his son’s musical talent. By the age of three, the young Mozart ________________(learn) to play several pieces of musk. While he and his father ________________(travel) round Europe, Mozart met many famous musicians and composers. Before he was 17, he ________________(compose) several operas. While he ________________(visit) the Vatican in Rome, he ________________(listen) to a piece of music which, up to this point, the Vatican authorities ________________(keep) secret. No one ________________(publish) a copy of the piece before, but Mozart ________________(manage) to write it down from memory after he ________________(listen} to it once.

By the age of 30 he ________________(become) one of the most famous composers in Europe, and ________________(have} a large apartment in Vienna, which is now a tourist attraction. It was here that he ________________(write) his famous opera The Marriage of Figaro. In 1791, while he ________________(work) on his Requiem, he ________________(fall) ill and died at the age of 35.

Write sentences using the prompts. One of the verbs must be in the past perfect simple.

1 we /just/ hear / the news / when / you / ring
2 I / already/ think of/ that/ before / you / suggest/ it
3 when / I / turn on / the TV/ the programme / already/ start
4 she / be / hungry/ because / she / not/ eat/ anything / all day
5 by the time / I leave / school / I / decide / to become / a musician

Mixed reproduction

Make correct questions, then answer them.
  1. Where __________ (you, study) English before you __________ (come) to this school?
  2. How many times __________ (you, see) a movie in English before you __________ (start) learning English with a teacher?
  3. What __________ (you, already, do) before you __________ (leave) home this morning?
  4. When you __________ (leave) for work this morning, __________  (the sun, come up)?
  5. What __________ (you, never, see) before you __________ (go) to a museum?
  6. Where __________ (you, be) before you __________ (get) home yesterday?