INTERMEDIATE - UPPER-INTERMEDIATE
PROVERBS AND IDIOMS
Task 1. Provide the Russian equivalents for the following proverbs.
When in Rome, do as the Romans.
There's no place like home.
He travels fastest who travels alone.
Travel broadens the mind.
Task 2. Provide the Russian translations for the words in bold. Copy them to your Total Vocabulary file.
City breaks in PRAGUE
Prague is a stunning city, and this thriving capital of the Czech Republic makes a romantic and vibrant city- break destination. A stroll through Prague’s cobbled streets is wonderfully exciting: its architecture is remarkably diverse, and amazingly untouched by the Second World War, although Charles Bridge and the Astronomical Clock have recently been undergoing restoration.
Off the beaten track on the Great Wall of CHINA
Our China trek offers a unique experience for the adventurous traveller who wants to get away from it all. Apart from the spectacular scenery, you will have the rare opportunity to camp in a remote part of rural China and experience local life in its most unspoilt state.
Unwind on the ALGARVE
If you need to unwind, try the Algarve in the southern Portugal. Laze around on the golden, sandy beaches, soak up the atmosphere of traditional fishing villages like Alvor, or just go for a wander around Albufeira’s old town, which still retains its wonderful charm.
Task 3. Look at the pictures, read the sentences and note the bolded vocabulary.
Italy is by far our most popular holiday destination, offering you the opportunity to admire a stunning natural landscape, enjoy delicious cuisine, bask in the sunshine, and explore a unique culture.
Our hotel is located in an exceptionally quiet area, only a few metres from the Charles Bridge. This is a short distance from the most attractive places of interest, right in the heart of ancient Mala Strana (Lesser Town) on Kampa Island.
BEING LIKE A LOCAL ON A TRIP
1. Don’t (blindly) trust online reviews
I spent a few years living in Rome and was always baffled with some of the top-rated restaurants on sites like TripAdvisor or Yelp. “This is the best pizza I’ve ever had in my life,” someone would write about a mediocre restaurant outside the Vatican, while my favorite (and very popular among locals) pizza spot was way down around No. 200. Service speeds, for example, are cultural, and prone to bias.
2. Don’t shy away from street food, especially when there’s a crowd
Street food is usually cheap and widely available, and can give you insight into the local food culture. It’s hard to beat street food as one of the most authentic and vibrant ways to experience the local buzz.
36 Hours in Denver
A weekend in the Mile High City offers something for everyone: a flourishing restaurant scene, microbreweries, miles of trails for skiers and bikers alike, and a vibrant street art movement and density of cultural attractions.
There’s a warm, slightly retro vibe to Nocturne jazz club, where an artist-in-residence arrangement books musicians for multi-week runs.
Personal benefits of going on holiday
a chance to unwind
to spend quality time with family / friends
to get away from work / stressful environment
to have a change of routine / scenery
to visit new places / experience new things / cultures
to broaden your horizons
to visit family or friends abroad
Commercial benefits of tourism
creates new jobs in the tourist industry
boosts the local economy
attracts media attention to the resort
‘puts a place on the map’
ensures good level of infrastructure
improves services & facilities for local residents
provides revenue to protect /maintain local heritage
Negative aspects of going on holiday
loss of earnings (if self-employed)
can be stressful (to be out of your comfort zone)
can be difficult to cope in a foreign country / unfamiliar place
may encounter travel problems (plane/train delays / traffic jams)
may not have access to health facilities/services
may lose your luggage
may not be able to speak the local language
Disadvantages for local community
can cause overcrowding
tourists may not respect local customs/traditions
can cause excess of litter / noise
may cause damage to local environment / possible vandalism
area becomes too built-up due to increase of hotels/shops etc
natural landscape/beauty may be spoilt
may cause increase in prices of local services and goods
Study the words. Copy the unknown words to your Total Vocabulary file.
Transport – land
- (catch) the bus / coach
- (miss) the train
- lorry / truck
- underground / tube
Transport – sea
- cruise ship
Transport – air
- traffic jam
- car accident
- car crash
- rush hour
- public transport is heavily subsidised
- accident black spots
- the train /bus…. is delayed
- the train /bus…. is cancelled
- the train /bus…. runs late
- transport fares are put up = transport fares increase
- timetable is changed
- a hold-up
- car theft
- drink-driving (BrE) / drunk-driving (AmE)
- road rage
Attempts to solve traffic problems
- park and ride
- congestion charging
- road pricing
- toll road
- one-way system
- bus / cycle lanes
- parking ticket
- traffic-calming measures
- traffic-free zones
- a driver
- a pedestrian
- a commuter
- a passenger